Bulging floors cracked walls, and doors that do not close easily can indicate foundation problems in a home. Foundation issues can affect a property’s structural integrity, making repairs necessary. Here are some residential foundation repair tips for common problems.
Use wall anchors, steel or wood braces or carbon-fiber mesh to restore an uneven foundation. These materials are placed along affected walls to reinforce them and prevent structure damage. Wood and steel braces are installed against walls and attached to overhead joists and floors to prevent further movement. The downside is that the braces can intrude into your basement and interfere with wall finishing.
Wall anchors are usually made up of metal plates that are installed in the yard and inside the walls. The plates are then linked using steel rods that are buried horizontally in the foundation. Once the installation is complete, you need to tighten them gradually to straighten and stabilize the wall.
You can also spread some epoxy in strips and then press carbon-fiber mesh on the walls to lock them in place. This is less extensive and cheaper.
Washed Out Foundations
Plugged gutters, drainage issues, and leaking water pipes can wash out your foundation. Shimming sill plates or adding concrete on the area is a great way to shore up affected areas. It may also be necessary to tear out a part of your foundation and install a new one if the damage is extensive.
Check the slope and grade around the foundation to identify potential drainage problems. Look for a positive slope around your driveway, patio, yard, and porch. These areas should have a channel that leads from your home, allowing water to flow away.
Use epoxy putty or silicone caulk to repair minor cracks. These materials prevent cracks from getting deeper or wider by keeping water away. You can also grade the soil around your foundation to determine how sub-surface water is being drained. Low-grade soil can allow water to seep into the walls. Waterproofing and proper drainage will help you avoid repairing foundation cracks in Houston in the future.
Inspect walls regularly to identify cracks before they worsen. Look for cracks on ceilings, drywall, and interior walls. Block and concrete foundations tend to develop cracks, making it critical to distinguish between insignificant and serious ones.
Hairline cracks found in the mortar between blocks are usually harmless. Faults on l-shaped sections may be caused by shrinkage and they should be repaired to ensure your crawl spaces or basement remains dry.
Cracks in stair steps usually indicate moisture problems that should be addressed before they deepen. Horizontal faults are quite significant and they can force you to install a new foundation.
Small faults that measure less than half an inch can be addressed using waterproofing paint. But you need to check the repaired area regularly to determine if the opening has worsened.
Consult a contractor or structural engineer to determine the best solution for your foundation issues. You also may want to involve under slab plumbing repair experts to help determine cost to fix broken sewer line which are known to contribute to the foundation issues.. These residential foundation repair tips can help you restore structural integrity and prevent additional costs in future.